Home BlogNgữ pháp tiếng Anh Luyện nghe tiếng Anh: 20 chủ đề cơ bản [Transcript chi tiết]

Luyện nghe tiếng Anh: 20 chủ đề cơ bản [Transcript chi tiết]

by Admin

Luyện nghe tiếng Anh với những chủ đề cơ bản bằng những đoạn hội thoại ngắn sẽ là cách giúp bạn kích thích khả năng phát triển ngôn ngữ cũng như sự hứng thú tự nhiên trong học tập.

Học tiếng Anh là cả một quá trình, bạn phải tạo cho mình một thói quen để yêu thích nó theo cách tự nhiên nhất, bạn sẽ không còn cảm thấy gượng ép mà thay vào đó là cảm giác thích thú, chờ đợi để khám phá những điều thú vị đang chờ đợi mình.

Bạn không cần phải là một người quá thông minh, chỉ cần bạn chăm chỉ tập luyện thường xuyên, hãy bắt đầu luyện nghe tiếng Anh cơ bản theo các chủ đầu, các câu chuyện ngắn, sau đó nâng dần độ khó lên chắc chắn bạn có thể đạt được level cao như mình mong muốn.

Vậy bạn có biết, lý do vì sao mà việc luyện nghe lại là cách mang tới hiệu quả cao như vậy hay không?

luyện nghe tiếng Anh

Tại sao nên luyện nghe tiếng Anh qua những chủ đề cơ bản?

Bạn biết đấy, nghe chính là một kỹ năng cơ bản nhất của mọi ngôn ngữ, giống như một đứa trẻ khi sinh ra chúng sẽ sử dụng kỹ năng nghe đầu tiên để học tiếng mẹ đẻ của mình. Tiếng Anh cũng tương tự như vậy, việc bạn nghe tốt sẽ kéo theo những kỹ năng khác, bạn sẽ nhận ra rằng khả năng đọc – viết của mình cũng phát triển nhanh chóng.

Giai đoạn đầu trong quá trình nghe tiếng Anh, bạn hãy chọn cho mình những chủ đề, câu chuyện hay đoạn hội thoại ngắn. Bởi chúng sẽ giúp bạn dễ dàng hiểu và tiếp thu nhanh hơn nhờ vào những ưu điểm:

Bạn sẽ được học tiếng Anh với tốc độ riêng của mình

Với những bài nghe tiếng Anh bạn hoàn toàn có thể nghe đi nghe lại nhiều lần, bạn vừa có thể chép lại những cụm từ, câu nói mà mình thấy hay vừa rèn luyện được cách phát âm chuẩn như trong đoạn hội thoại.

Từ đó, bạn hoàn toàn kiểm soát được khả năng của mình, điều chỉnh tốc độ phù hợp cũng như xác định trình độ và sự tiến bộ sau một thời gian.

Gia tăng được vốn từ vựng

Bạn sẽ thấy việc luyện nghe tiếng Anh bằng đoạn hội thoại ngắn sẽ giúp mình gia tăng vốn từ vựng một cách nhanh chóng.

Bạn biết vì sao không, bởi trong nội dung hội thoại sẽ cung cấp đến bạn 1 lượng từ mới nhỏ, bạn sẽ cảm thấy dễ dàng tiếp thu.

Mỗi câu chuyện là một chủ đề, một màu sắc riêng được xây dựng dựa trên những sự việc diễn ra hằng ngày. Những câu nói được lồng ghép các cấu trúc ngữ pháp giúp bạn dễ dàng làm quen. Bạn cũng sẽ nhận ra được sự khác nhau về ý nghĩa của các từ và cụm từ khi đặt trong những văn cảnh khác nhau, từ đó giúp bạn linh động hơn trong việc sử dụng câu.

Luyện nghe tiếng Anh rất thú vị

Luyện nghe tiếng Anh không chỉ mang đến cho bạn những kỹ năng cần thiết mà nó còn giúp bạn có được những phút giây thư giãn. Đó sẽ là một không gian mới, một thế giới mới với những điều thú vị vẫn chờ bạn khám phá.

Ngay bây giờ, mời bạn cùng lắng nghe 20 câu chuyện, đoạn hội thoại cơ bản dưới đây và cùng làm bài tập bằng cách luyện đọc theo, kết hợp ghi chép từ mới và những cấu trúc bạn tìm thấy trong bài nhé. Hãy học tập, cải thiện và chinh phục trình độ tiếng Anh của mình ngay thôi nào.

luyện nghe theo chủ đề cơ bản

20 đoạn tiếng Anh luyện nghe online miễn phí theo chủ đề

1. A request from your boss

Susanne: Hi, Mario. Can you help me prepare some things for the next month?

Mario: OK, sure. What can I help you with?

Susanne: I need to visit the customer in Germany. It’s important.

Mario: What can I do to help?

Susanne: Can you send an email to the customer? Ask them when I can visit them next week. Please do this first. It’s a priority and very urgent.

Mario: Right. I’ll do it today.

Susanne: Thanks. This next task is also important. Can you invite everyone to the next team meeting?

Mario: Yes, I will.

Susanne: But first you need to book a meeting room. After that, please send everyone an email about it.

Mario: Yes, of course.

Susanne: And finally, can you write a short report about our new project? I have to give a presentation to our managers next month. Please do it when you have time – sometime in the next two or three weeks. It’s not too urgent.

Mario: Sure, no problem. I can do it this week.

Susanne: There’s no hurry. Take your time.

Luyện tập+

2. A voicemail message

John: Hi, this is John. Thanks for calling. I’m not here at the moment, so please leave a message and I’ll call you back.

Marina: Hi, John, this is Marina Silva calling from Old Time Toys. Your colleague Alex gave me your phone number. She said you can help me.

I need some information on your new products. Could you please call me when you are back in the office? My phone number is 0-2-0-8, 6-5-5-7-6-2-1.

Also, can you please email me your new brochure and information about your prices? My email address is Marina, that’s M-A-R-I-N-A, dot Silva, S-I-L-V-A, at O-L-D-T-I-M-E hyphen toys dot com.

Thanks a lot. I look forward to hearing from you.

Luyện tập+

3. Booking a table

Staff: Hello, Gino’s.

Jamie: Hi. Can I book a table for tomorrow night, please?

Staff: How many people is it for?

Jamie: Four.

Staff: And what time would you like?

Jamie: About eight, eight thirty maybe?

Staff: Let’s see … We’re pretty busy tomorrow, so I can do half past seven or nine.

Jamie: Oh. OK, then. Half seven, please.

Staff: What name is it?

Jamie: Jamie.

Staff: J-A- …?

Jamie: M-I-E

Staff: OK, so that’s a table for four at half past seven tomorrow evening.

Jamie: Great. Thanks! Bye.

Staff: Bye.


Staff: Hello, Gino’s.

Jamie: Hi, I called earlier to book a table for four and I was wondering if I can make it for six instead?

Staff: Ah, what name was it?

Jamie: It’s Jamie.

Staff: Table for four at half past seven. So you want to change it to 6 o’clock?

Jamie: No, sorry. Can I make it for six people?

Staff: Oh, I see. Sorry! That shouldn’t be a problem. I can move you to a bigger table but it will be nearer the kitchen. Is that OK?

Jamie: No problem. Is it possible to change the time as well? Make it a little bit later?

Staff: Ah … yeah, we can. Is eight OK for you?

Jamie: Perfect, thanks!

Staff: Lovely. See you tomorrow, then.

Jamie: Thanks! Bye!

Staff: Thanks. Ciao!

Luyện tập+

4. Business cards

A

A: Hello, Doctor Miller. It’s nice to meet you.

B: Please call me Peter.

A: OK. Are you a medical doctor? It must be helpful when you sell medical equipment.

B: Actually, no. My doctorate was in electronic engineering, but it’s still helpful for me when I sell our equipment.


B

Good morning, everyone. I’m happy to be here today to tell you about our new project. My name is Alessandro Rossi. I’m the project leader on the Starlight programming project.


C

Pleased to meet you. Here’s my card. My real name is Megumi Tanaka, but people who are not from my country think it’s difficult to say my name, so I use another name, Meg, when I’m working internationally.


D

Hello, everyone. My name’s Andres Mulligan. I’m very happy to be joining this team for the next few months and learning more about research and development.

Luyện tập+

5. Finding the library

Student: Hi. Excuse me.

Student B: Yes?

Student: Where’s the library?

Student B: The library? It’s next to the registration office.

Student: Ah … sorry, I’m new. Where’s the registration office?

Student B: No problem. See the big building over there?

Student: Yes.

Student B: OK, so that’s the lecture theatre. Next to that, on the right, is the registration office. And next to that is the library.

Student: I see. Thanks!


Student: Hello?

Librarian: Hello.

Student: Is this the library?

Librarian: Yes, it is. Quiet, please.

Student: Oh, sorry. Thank you.

Librarian: Can I help you?

Student: Er, yes, please. I want to borrow some books. What do I need?

Librarian: You need a library card. Here’s the application form. You can take up to six books maximum today.

Student: OK. Six books.

Librarian: Yes. You have two weeks to read the books. Then you bring them back.

Student: And if I’m late?

Librarian: Every day you are late there is a fee of fifty pence.

Student: OK, 50p a day. Er, anything else?

Librarian: Mobile phones must be switched off in the library. You can bring your laptop, but please use headphones to watch videos or listen to music.

Student: OK, great.

Librarian: And you can’t bring food or drink.

Student: No food, no drink. And …?

Librarian: And please speak quietly! People are working here.

Student: Oh! Oh, OK. Thank you.

Librarian: You’re welcome.

Luyện tập+

6. Meeting a new team member

Peter: Hi, my name’s Peter. What’s your name?

Carla: Hi, Peter. I’m Carla. I’m new here.

Peter: Welcome to the company, Carla.

Carla: Thanks, Peter. I’m happy to be here and it’s nice to meet you.

Peter: It’s nice to meet you too.

Carla: Where do you work?

Peter: I work in the design team. We sit over there.

Carla: I’m in the marketing team. I started last week.

Peter: You work in marketing? That’s very interesting.

Carla: Yes, it is. I’m enjoying it. But there are a lot of new things to learn.

Peter: I’m sure there are. I’m happy to help you if I can.

Carla: Thank you, Peter. What do you do in the design department?

Peter: I design new products.

Carla: That sounds interesting. I plan marketing events for new products. So I think we’ll work together sometimes.

Peter: That would be great. So, where are you from, Carla?

Carla: Brazil. And you?

Peter: I’m from the UK.

Carla: How long have you been here?

Peter: I’ve worked here for three years but I actually moved here from the UK five years ago, to study.

Luyện tập+

7. A morning briefing

Hi, everyone. I know you’re all busy so I’ll keep this briefing quick. I have some important information about a change in the management team. As you already know, our head of department, James Watson, is leaving his position at the end of this week. His replacement is starting at the end of the next month. In the meantime, we’ll continue with our projects as usual.

I have two more quick points. Firstly, there will be some improvements made to the staff car park next month for a few weeks. It will be closed during that time.

Don’t worry, we’ve found a solution. We can use the local church car park until our own one is ready. If you arrive before 8.30 a.m., please use our small car park on Brown Street, and if you arrive after that, you should go directly to the church car park. It’s only a five-minute walk away. But they need it in the evenings, so you have to leave before 6 p.m. Sorry about that – I know how much you all love working late!

The other thing I wanted to tell you about is that the canteen has now introduced a cashless payment system. So, you can’t use cash for payments any more. You can pay directly with your smartphone or you can pay using your company ID card. The total amount put on your company ID card comes off your salary at the end of each month.

OK. That’s it? Are there any questions?

Luyện tập+

8. An invitation to a party

Automated message: You have two new messages. Message number one, received today at 3.45 p.m.

Hi, it’s me. How’s it going? I guess you’re at work and you don’t have your phone on, right? First of all, thank you, THANK YOU for the birthday card and message. I received it this morning. That’s so nice of you. I’m organising a little party for my birthday. It’s nothing very big – only a few of my best and closest friends. That means you too! We’re going to have it at my cousin’s house. She lives in the countryside in a nice big house with a swimming pool. I’d love to see you there. It’s going to be this Friday. I’ll send you the instructions on how to get there later, OK?

Anyway, have fun at work. Don’t work too hard, OK? Talk soon.


Automated message: You have two new messages. Message number two, received today at 5.15 p.m.

Aw, you’re still not answering your phone! OK, here are the instructions to get to my cousin’s house for the party. Are you going to take your car? If you take the car, drive straight on Forest Road until you get to the motorway. Drive past Brownsville and take exit 13A. That’s 13A. You drive down the road there and turn left. It’s the first big house on the right. OK? If you’re taking a bus, you can get the number 80 to Brownsville. Call me when you get there and somebody can pick you up in a car. I can’t wait. This is going to be so great!

Luyện tập+

9. Changing a meeting time

Lucy: Hi, Anna. Do you have a minute to talk about the meeting next Tuesday?

Anna: Sure. We said 11, didn’t we?

Lucy: Yeah, we did. But I have a bit of a problem with the time. Would it be possible to move it?

Anna: Oh, I see. We could postpone it to the afternoon, to 1 p.m., for example. Or bring it forward to earlier in the morning. What would suit you?

Lucy: Could we make it 9 o’clock? That would really help me. I have another important meeting in the central office at 12.

Anna: No problem. It’s important you’re there.

Lucy: Thanks a lot, Anna.

Anna: Do you need help with any preparation? Did you get the agenda I sent out?

Lucy: Yes, I did. And no, that’s all fine, thanks. My report is ready and I’m looking forward to presenting it.

Anna: Great.

Lucy: I can tell Sven about the time change. I’ll see him later.

Anna: Don’t worry about telling Sven. I’ll send an email to everyone to confirm the time has changed and with an updated meeting invite.

Lucy: Great. Thanks, Anna.

Anna: OK. I’m happy that works for you. We really need you there and it’s good we don’t have to cancel it.

Lucy: See you then. Have a good weekend in the meantime.

Anna: You too.

Luyện tập+

10. Changing plans

Francesco: Sachi? Sachi? Sachiko!

Sachi: Francesco! Is everything OK?

Francesco: Yes. Yes. Sorry, I saw you and I was across the street … I ran.

Sachi: I see. What’s up?

Francesco: Do you have the tickets … for the play?

Sachi: No, I don’t. I’m going to buy them this afternoon.

Francesco: Oh good, good. Listen, don’t buy tickets for this Friday.

Sachi: Oh? Why not?

Francesco: I can’t go to the theatre on Friday. Something’s come up. I have a concert this Friday.

Sachi: Another concert? But you said …

Francesco: I know, I know. I’m sorry. I forgot.

Sachi: Francesco!

Francesco: How about next week? Are you free then? I can definitely go next Friday.

Sachi: Francesco. You did this two weeks ago, remember? I had cinema tickets for the new Marvel movie and you changed the plans then too. For band practice.

Francesco: I know, and I …

Sachi: We also missed my favourite dance group. Because your band was playing at some child’s birthday party.

Francesco: It was my nephew’s birthday …

Sachi: Ha!

Francesco: OK, why don’t we go out for dinner before my concert? Then, next Friday we can go to the play.

Sachi: Oh …

Francesco: Come on, Sachi. Just this one more time.

Sachi: OK, but promise me next Friday. OK?

Francesco: I promise. I promise!

Luyện tập+

11. Facts and figures

… and the next part of this talk is on the Panama Canal. It’s amazing how this one small section of a small country can be so important to the world. Let’s learn a little bit about the canal itself, before we look at how it connects to everything else.

The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway in the Central American country of Panama that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. It is only 82 kilometres long. If you go around South America by ship then you need to travel another 15,000 kilometres. So the canal saves a lot of travel time. It takes around 8 to 10 hours to cross the canal.

The French started building the canal in 1881, but they couldn’t finish it. The project was started again in 1904 by the United States and the canal was finally finished in 1914. Many people died while they were building the canal, some say up to 25,000. For the rest of the 20th century, the United States controlled the canal, but gave control back to Panama in 2000.

Every year, around 40,000 ships come through the canal. These are mostly commercial ships. They transport goods for trade between Asia and America, or Europe. In 2016 the government of Panama made the canal bigger, so that now 99 per cent of ships can pass through it.

Let’s now turn to the role of the Panama Canal in the global economy …

Luyện tập+

12. Meeting other students

Teacher: So, now you’ve got the important information, it’s time to meet each other. Everyone turn to the people next to you and introduce yourselves.

Cara: So, hi. I’m Cara. And you are?

Robert: Robert.

Selim: Selim.

Cara: Nice to meet you!

Robert and Selim: You too.

Robert: Nice accent. Where are you from?

Cara: I’m from Glasgow.

Robert: Oh, really? My mum’s from near Glasgow, so I’m half Scottish.

Cara: Cool. Do you live in Scotland?

Robert: No, we live in England, near Manchester. My dad’s from there. What about you, Selim?

Selim: I’m from Leeds originally but I grew up near London.

Cara: Are you both doing history on its own?

Selim: No. I’m doing history and German.

Robert: I’m doing it with maths, actually.

Selim: History and maths. That’s different!

Robert: Yeah, I couldn’t decide between arts and sciences. Maths doesn’t help with remembering dates, though! And you?

Cara: I’m doing history and French.

Selim: I wanted to do French but German was easier, so I took that.

Cara: German is so hard!

Luyện tập+

13. Meeting people at a dinner

Charles: Hello, Julian.

Julian: Hello, Charles. How are you?

Charles: I’m fine. Fine. Julian, do you remember Alyssa?

Julian: No, I don’t.

Charles: She’s Ben’s sister. Do you remember? We were all at Ben’s wedding together.

Julian: Ah, yes, I do – in that old castle. Was it in January?

Charles: Yes, it was! Alyssa was there.

Alyssa: Hello. Nice to meet you … again.

Julian: Hello, nice to meet you too, Alison.

Alyssa: I’m not Alison.

Julian: What?

Alyssa: My name isn’t Alison. It’s Alyssa.

Julian: I’m sorry. Nice to meet you, Alyssa.

Charles: Good. Would you like a drink?

Julian: Good idea.

Alyssa: Yes, please.

Charles: Here you are.

Alyssa and Julian: Thanks!

Luyện tập+

14. Ordering in a café

Customer 1: Can I have an orange juice, please?

Server: Regular or large?

Customer 1: How big is a large?

Server: This is a large. This is a regular.

Customer 1: I’ll have a large, then, please. Without ice.

Server: OK, coming up.

Customer 1: Sorry, I wanted freshly squeezed orange juice.

Server: I’m afraid we only have bottled juices.

Customer 1: Oh, then I’ll have an apple juice instead, please.

Server: Here you go. That’s £3.50, please.

Customer: Thanks.

Server: Thank you.


Server: Can I help anyone?

Customer 2: Who’s next?

Customer 3: You were first, I think.

Customer 2: What teas do you have?

Server: Breakfast tea, mint and green tea.

Customer 2: A mint tea and a slice of lemon cake, please.

Server: To eat in or take away?

Customer 2: Take away, please.

Server: There you go. That’ll be £4.20, please.

Customer 2: Sorry, I’ve only got a fifty.

Server: That’s OK. Here’s your change … 5, 10, 30, 50.


Server: Who’s next?

Customer 4: Can I have a …

Customer 3: Sorry, I think I was in front of you.

Customer 4: Oh, sorry!

Customer 3: Can I have a chocolate chip cookie, please?

Server: Would you like a drink with that?

Customer 3: No, thanks. Just the cookie.

Server: OK, then. That’s 95p, please.

Customer 3: Thanks. I think that’s right.

Server: 50, 70, 80, 85, 90, 92, 94, yep, 95. Thank you.

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15. Organising a group project

Cara: So for our group project, do you want to start this week?

Selim: Yeah, I want to start early so we have enough time.

Robert: Me too, but I’ve got a big maths project too.

Cara: How about we meet first to plan what we’re going to do? Just for an hour.

Robert: Good idea, Cara.

Cara: When are you free?

Robert: I can always do mornings before 10.

Cara: Robert … Uh …

Selim: I’m sleeping before 10!

Robert: OK! OK, so when are you two free?

Cara: Wednesdays are good for me. But not very early, please!

Selim: I can’t do the mornings on Wednesdays but I have 3 till 5 free.

Robert: I can do 4 o’clock, just before my maths class.

Cara: Great, 4 then. Where shall we meet?

Selim: The library?

Robert: I don’t know. The library isn’t a good place for a planning meeting as we can’t talk in there.

Cara: How about the university café? It’s near the library. We can talk in there. And eat cake.

Selim: Cake is good.

Robert: OK, so Wednesday at the café. I need to leave at ten to five to go to my maths class.

Cara: No problem. Planning will take less than an hour.

Selim: OK! See you Wednesday for cake.

Robert and Cara: See you, Selim!

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16. Shopping for clothes

Shop assistant: Hello, can I help you?

Customer: I’m just looking, thanks.


Customer: Excuse me?

Shop assistant: Yes?

Customer: Where are the changing rooms?

Shop assistant: They’re over there. Behind you.

Customer: Thank you.


Customer: Hi. Excuse me again. Do you have this jumper in black?

Shop assistant: Yes, just a moment. What size do you need?

Customer: Extra small, please.

Shop assistant: Here you are.


Customer: How much is this?

Shop assistant: It’s £29.

Customer: Can I pay by credit card?

Shop assistant: Yes, you can. Of course.


Shop assistant: Would you like a bag for that?

Customer: Yes, please.

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17. The first English class

Hello, everyone. Hello! It’s nice to see you all here. Welcome to British Life and Language. I am your teacher. My name is Lindsay Black. That’s L-I-N-D-S-A-Y Black. Before we begin, some information about the class.

Our class is in room 13, on the first floor. When you go upstairs, turn left to find the room. Again, that’s room 13.

We have class twice a week, on Monday and Wednesday. Our class begins at 4.30 p.m. and lasts 90 minutes, so we finish at 6 p.m. That’s 4.30 to 6. Please arrive on time, OK?

Also, I have an office hour if you have questions. I’m in office 7B on the second floor. My office hour is Friday at 6 p.m. So, if you have any questions or problems or want to talk to me, it’s Friday at 6 p.m. in office 7B.

We begin next week, on March the 13th. That’s Monday, March the 13th. The course ends on May the 20th. May the 20th is the last day.

I think that’s all … Oh, one more thing. For this course you need the book. Here it is: British Life and Language Level 1 Student’s Book. So, please get a copy of the book. I don’t want to see any photocopies of the book, thank you! Remember, it’s level 1 student’s book. Don’t buy the teacher’s book.

I think that’s all, everyone. I look forward to working with you. See you next Monday!

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18. A phone call from a customer

unko: Hello, Junko Mori speaking. How can I help you?

Andrea: Hi, Junko, it’s Andrea here from Red Band. I’m calling about our latest order.

Junko: Everything arrived OK, right? We got the delivery confirmation at our end.

Andrea: Yes, everything’s fine with the order. I’m calling about the invoice and the payment terms. I need a favour.

Junko: A favour? What do you need?

Andrea: This is a little, er … difficult, but I need an extension on the payment terms. I know they’re usually 30 days, but we’re having some cash flow problems. You’d really be helping us out if you could extend it to 60 days.

Junko: I’m not sure if I can do that, Andrea. We’ve got regulations at our end, and also have to manage our own cash flow.

Andrea: I promise this won’t become the norm, Junko. Actually, I also want to place another new order. The same size order as last time. It’s for an important customer and they pay on delivery.

Junko: I see. So your cash flow problem will be solved after this new order is delivered.

Andrea: Exactly.

Junko: That sounds good. Hold on, Andrea. Let me see what I can do. Yes, I think we can make an exception this time.

Andrea: That’s great, Junko. I appreciate your help.

Junko: And we appreciate your business, Andrea. It works both ways.

Andrea: Thanks again, Junko. Can you send me a quick email confirmation of the payment terms extension?

Junko: Sure, no problem. We’re happy to help you.

Andrea: Great. And I’ll email you the new order.

Junko: Thanks. I’ll keep an eye out for it. Talk to you soon.

Andrea: You too. Goodbye.

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19. A student discussion

Teacher: So you’ve got a few minutes to discuss with your partner.

Student 1: So, as far as I know, the main similarity between Mars and Earth is that they can both support human life.

Student 2: Yeah, but do we know that’s actually true? I mean, Mars is much colder than Earth, isn’t it? It says here it’s about minus 55 degrees most of the time, whereas on Earth only places like Antarctica get that cold.

Student 1: True. Well then, I suppose you could say both planets are a similar distance from the Sun?

Student 2: No way! Mars is much further away! It says here it’s about 228 million kilometres, while Earth is about 150 million.

Student 1: Yes, but in space that’s not that far. Jupiter is, like, almost 780 million kilometres. That’s why we use astronomical units when we talk about distances in space. Earth is 1 astronomical unit from the Sun and Mars is 1.3. The difference doesn’t sound so big when you look at it that way.

Student 2: I see what you mean. Jupiter is 5.2 astronomical units so I guess you’re right. What other similarities are there between the two planets?

Student 1: Let’s see … not the colour, obviously!

Student 2: Yeah! Earth is called the blue planet and Mars is called the red planet for pretty obvious reasons!

Student 1: Their sizes are pretty different. Mars is about half the size of Earth.

Student 2: What about this? It looks like the days on both planets are almost the same length. Earth’s day is 24 hours but Mars’s is about half an hour longer.

Student 1: You’re right. OK, any other things they both share?

Student 2: I suppose you could say they have water in common.

Student 1: Could you? How?

Student 2: Well, Earth is 70 per cent water and Mars probably had huge oceans in the past. It’s just that most of the water there now is probably frozen.

Student 1: Ah, I see. I don’t think we can say the air is the same, though. Most of Earth’s air is nitrogen and oxygen, but Mars …?

Student 2: Mars doesn’t really have air, not compared with Earth. It’s got about one per cent as much air as Earth.

Student 1: Right, and it’s mostly carbon dioxide.

Student 2: Gravity is another difference. I didn’t know this, but Mars has higher gravity than the Moon. But it’s much less than on Earth, of course.

Student 1: Oh, yes. It says Mars has about 38 per cent of Earth’s gravity.

Teacher: OK, let’s see what you’ve found …

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20. A team meeting about diversity

Nina: As you know, our team has grown a lot in the past year and we feel we need to address the diversity in the team.

Brenda: How do you mean, ‘address the diversity’?

Nina: Well, we all know that diversity in teams is a good thing, but it can also be a challenge for some people to respect and value people’s differences. We’ve got a really diverse team here – people of different nationalities, backgrounds, religions, ages … and sometimes I don’t feel we make the most of this.

Stefano: Yes, and even if it isn’t specifically challenging, many people are simply unaware of the isolation that some team members may feel because they are different.

Brenda: So, what does this mean? What are we going to do?

Nina: Well, we need to create a workplace charter. You know, one that promotes equality, diversity and inclusion.

Brenda: That sounds like a good idea. But will people just see it as something the management team has created? Maybe they won’t even pay attention to it.

Nina: I know. That’s why we’re going to involve everyone in creating it.

Stefano: That’s a good idea. We could run some workshops and get ideas from the employees about how we can create a more inclusive workplace.

Nina: Exactly. I was thinking that before that we could run some team-building sessions so they can experience the value of diversity for themselves.

Brenda: Yes, I like that. Many people see diversity as something negative, often because there are different opinions or ways of doing things.

Nina: Yes, I know, but if there’s no diversity, then the risk is that we all work in the same way, think the same and see the world the same. This makes it hard to be creative and to innovate.

Stefano: I completely agree, Nina. OK. So, what do you want us to do?

Nina: Stefano, can you look for a successful trainer who specialises in running workshops and team-building sessions on diversity and inclusion?

Stefano: Sure. I’ll be happy to.

Nina: And Brenda, can you find a fun venue? Somewhere that is quite diverse itself. Something that’s not the usual seminar-style environment?

Brenda: Sure. That’ll be fun.

Nina: And I’m going to do some further research into how other organisations are benefiting from their diversity. I can share this with the whole team.

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3 comments

Thành 06/10/2020 - 15:20

thank you!

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Duong 19/07/2020 - 15:17

These are great!

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Admin 19/07/2020 - 21:04

Thank youu

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